# Preschool Math Success

Through the Living Math Yahoo Group, I got this list for the typical courses of study for various grade levels. In each grade level link, there’s a list of math concepts.

Since daughter is two, I immediately clicked on the preschool link. I was a little offended to find such a long reading list and no list titled, “Math.”

And then I read the list. In almost every line I found math concepts!

If you teach your little one these things on this list, check out the advanced math they will also be getting!

### Size

• Understands big and little.This preschool math concept sets them up for volume comparisons.
• Understands long and short. This one gets them ready for length comparisons.
• Matches shapes or objects based on size. Forerunner to inscribing shapes in other shapes, dissecting shapes to understand area formulas, etc. Also getting them ready for pattern recognition.

### Colors and Shapes

• Recognizes and names primary colors. This preschool math concept is the beginning of pattern recognition.
• Recognizes circles. Getting ready for the idea of a shape with no sides and a shape with infinite sides.(whoa!)
• Recognizes rectangles. Setting up for all sorts of area formulas – since just about every regular shape can be made into a rectangle with scissors and glue.
• Matches shapes or objects based on shape. The math concepts here get them ready for the geometric concept of similar and even more pattern recognition.
• Copies shapes. Kinesthetically understanding concepts of geometry. This one also helps them get ready for pattern recognition – or making their own patterns!

### Numbers

• Counts orally through 10. This is less of a preschool math concept and more of a “you just really gotta know this” concept – kinda like the alphabet.
• Counts objects in one-to-one correspondence. One-to-one correspondence is a huge and important concept in algebra.
• Understands empty and full. Volume comparisons as well as the grouping of objects to fill a volume.
• Understands more and less. The foundation of ordering numbers and understanding relations.

### Position and Direction

• Understands up and down. Forerunner of the number line.
• Understands in and out. This preschool math concept gets them into early set theory.
• Understands front and back. More number line stuff.
• Understands over (on) and under. The math concepts here get them ready for setting up fractions.
• Understands top, bottom, middle. Standard preschool readiness and also the basics of ordering.
• Understands beside and next to. Gets them ready to multiply a number by a variable by just standing the number next to the variable: 3x means 3 times x.
• Understands hot and cold. Getting ready to measure temperature.
• Understands fast and slow. Getting ready to measure speed as well as rates.

### Time

• Understands day and night. This preschool math concept gets them ready to expand into bigger and bigger time units – which will allow them to eventually understand the ideas of infinity and infinitely small. Curiously, this is also pattern recognition – every day you get day and every day you get night!
• Knows age and birthday. This seems to be another “good to know” thing. However, it is another forerunner to big time units.

### More…

There are many more preschool math concepts that can be spun off from the other lists, like Reading and Social-Emotional Development. I’ll be writing up how to integrate math in those in a few days!

Am I missing anything? Let me know in the comments.

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### 2 Responses to Preschool Math Success

1. Keri says:

Kuddos on tackling a difficult and often side step key to early math success. However, I think you might have missed a few rather important early learning math concepts and I would encourage you to explore the Experience Early Learning framework link below.

http://www.mothergoosetime.com/wp-content/themes/mgt/pdf/EEL_SkillsContinuum.pdf

I have found this framework to be valuable tool in my own practice as have many of the parents and teachers I have worked with. The learning framework is supported by sound research based practices and cognitive learning theories. Please let me know what you think.

• Bon says:

I grabbed that list from the Worldbook site, so thanks for sharing the much more comprehensive skills list, Keri. It looks like an awesome guide!

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